Government. People. Business.

Delta Airlines.                                           325 Destinations in 60 + countries


Copper         2.93

Crude Oil     58.26

Gold            1307.50

Silver           15.38

Government. People. Business.


Planning Recommendations for the Central Areas of the City of Rensselaer. 

Civics Lessons : David H. Souter. 



The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of the world. On the contrary, they have divine power to demolish strongholds.

2 Corinthians 10:4

If a global partnership to curb the arms race, improve the human environment, defuse population explosion and supply required momentum to development efforts is not forged soon, I very much fear that the problems will have reached staggering proportions that they will be beyond our capacity to control.

                              U. Thant

Music + Society.


Wyclef Jean (Diallo) 7:22                          Hip hop. In the belly of the beast.

Sonya Spence (Peace & Unity) 3:39            Reggae. Time for peace.

Friday Jibo & Dan Kwada (A Rai Na) 14:19     Gospel. He will gather His sheep.



Leadership Equilibrium in the US

The ideals of liberty and justice for all in the US are not as constructive until aspirants to the office of president reflect every segment of the population. Recognizing that society is constituted of various groups competing for resources and that alienation and oppression contradict harmony, the selection process needs be tailored to the most equitable outcome.

For 220 years in American history, the candidates on major party national tickets seeking the office were almost all Caucasian men.  Geraldine Ferraro as first female got on a ticket (1984), Rev. Jesse Jackson (1984 & 1988) and Dr. Alan Keys (1996, 2000 and 2008) as first African Americans ran campaigns before Mr. Obama. The Native Americans, Asian, Hispanic or African American and female populations typically had less hope for a presidential campaign or national ticket.  Now things are changing and there is more light on the horizon. Even Mr. Yang has a promising campaign.

Concerning national values, challenges, hopes and dreams for most Americans and the general election campaign, a few summations can be made:

The degree of convergence on American issues are not so comforting. The US-Mexican border problem is a perfect example of lack of convergence, where over 2000 migrants slip through the border almost every day.  The costs are too enormous for the country but the two parties can hardly agree on the best options.

If domestic assessments are not clear, we can learn from foreign viewpoints. Consider the 2016 US elections, the 45th president and several attempts at impeachment.  Sir Kim Darroch, the UK ambassador was recently reported to have called the president dysfunctional and inept.  For purposes of public administration and the 2020 election, the high cabinet staff turnover has painted a dismal picture of some state of affairs.

An 18 month-long process and over a billion dollars is still too much for any presidential election and historically a few candidates have died in the process, e.g. Robert Kennedy.  Power, status and wealth are driving the political machinery which bedevils the problem. Matching our values (which are getting befuddled) and collective needs (which require a socialist rationale) with each presidential aspirant would be a more cautious approach not necessarily a theoretical one and can fit a more administrative framework rather than a political one. A stronger federal electoral commission may be necessary to package the elections.

What we believe as a people is very important not as defined by Madison Avenue but by wise men and women. Our social stability is important. Religion may be opium for the masses but lack of it is partly responsible for the opiate crises.  The Quakers in early American history conceptualized father & mother, order & harmony, not automobiles & tattoos. It is difficult to negate this principle. Now as individuals become more expressive of freedoms and society becomes more accepting of those freedoms, values seem trickier to relate with even as gays can become president.

Alayande, J. F.  (MURP, Pi Sigma Alpha)







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