Planning Recommendations for the Central Areas of the City of Rensselaer. 

Civics Lessons : David H. Souter. 



Government. People. Business.

Delta Airlines.                                           325 Destinations in 60 + countries


Copper         2.93

Crude Oil     58.26

Gold            1307.50

Silver           15.38

Government. People. Business.


The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of the world. On the contrary, they have divine power to demolish strongholds.

2 Corinthians 10:4

If a global partnership to curb the arms race, improve the human environment, defuse population explosion and supply required momentum to development efforts is not forged soon, I very much fear that the problems will have reached staggering proportions that they will be beyond our capacity to control.

                              U. Thant

Music + Society.


Johnny Clegg & Savuka. Kilimanjaro. 3:41 Afropop. A strange freedom. Peace & Farewell. 

Ebo Taylor. Heaven. 6:05                    Highlife & Afrobeat Classics. 1973-1980.

Veno Marioghae. Nigeria Go Survive. 5:20  Somehow they survive.    



The Universal Postal Union

International cooperation and the development it has fostered are key achievements of the Universal Postal Union. The organization has brought these about by coordinating the postal policies of 192 countries with a network of some half a million post offices and their personnel around the world over the past 145 years. Initially as a window to general consensus and friendly relations between countries and later as an agency of the United Nations, the union has prompted development more than most organizations globally.

The UPU is in part a clearing house of tariffs and regulations or agreements. Uniform multi-lateral agreements are theoretically convenient and advantageous. More practically however, some countries tend to get more out of it than others leading to certain grievances. Sectoral price determination can augment certain differentials or create new markets such as for private carriers or courier companies outside the UPU network.

Many facets of the work of the union are administrative and centered at the headquarters, but others like the postal development index stimulates comparison of delivery efficiency or infrastructure in member countries. As the ePost finds its niche in the digital age, the flat mail, air mail or paper mail remains a good evidence of human ingenuity and communication. 

Global mail delivery services and its blessings can hardly be discounted. Travel and tourism or international diplomacy would not be complete without the millions of flat mail or the small packages that cross borders every week. Connecting with the several issues, regulations or standards that enable the smooth delivery of these services have come a long way over the years. Harmonizing costs or tariffs for example, amidst disparities in volume of mail and delivery burdens across each territory is one way the system has survived.

Recently there were needs to reconcile economic distortions favoring emerging markets.  Countries such as China or those which seemed to have unfair advantages predicated calls for re-negotiation of certain tariff burdens.  Imagine the UK trying to pull out of the European Union not minding several of the supposed advantages of such a union.  The US as an example considered an exit from the UPU.  

Whether it’s a threat or a genuine attempt at departure, certain countries do connect with their sovereignty or nationalist sentiments over any human commonalities.  Nonetheless it is difficult to posit a human development argument without the postal delivery system and its network of half a million or so post offices and millions of personnel in 192 countries. 

Alayande, J. F.  (MURP, Pi Sigma Alpha)







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