LOS: Delta Airlines.                               ABV: Lufthansa; British Airways.



On the Road





(4) loop           (5)           (6)      


(1)                   (2)           (3) oh !


Government. People. Business.

Government. People. Business.


Either no individual of the human species has any true rights, or all have the same. And he who votes against the rights of another, of whatever religion, color, or gender, has thereby abjured his own.

Marquis de Condorcet

Professional Offices

Hamond, Charles (MD).                               Stallion House,                                           Victoria Island, Lagos.                                 (01)263-0138, 263-0131, 261-1892.

Eruchalu, C.N.  (LLM)


Music + Society.



Macy Gray   (I Try)  3:56
Games, changes and fears.

Bossa Triba & Berkshire Bateria. (Ile Aiye). 5:09. Sambadees Production


Sanitizing General Laws With PTs or PTUTs

Villages or towns can function with fewer regulations, cities less so. Parking and sanitation are often two areas requiring urgency. With parking spaces, the matter is mostly one of demand and supply. The availability of parking spaces is much less than number of vehicles hence a need for strict regulation.

With sanitation it’s trickier, as this often translates to health issues and greater social costs. Garbage collection has evolved with machines in use for pick up or transportation. The human need for toilets does not change however and the same with the facilities or its provision. The rationale for stand-alone public toilets tends to be overlooked yet the need remains. This has led to the provision of pay-to-use or PTU toilets in some cities. The case for more PTU toilets is one that needs be made in as many communities as possible.

Consider Singapore, Germany, USA, and South Africa. Fines are imposed in Singapore for the least unsanitary acts.  In Germany PTUs are not uncommon. In the U.S. PTUs may be frowned upon. We can use PT counts to determine urban hygiene or as a yardstick for social development, i.e. number of toilets per 1000 or 10,000. Considering the number of fast-food restaurants across the landscape, PTs should take on the same ubiquity.  

30% of South Africans have little or no access to sanitation and almost twice that number in many African countries.  Most cities need PTUTs or more PTs since the restauranteur is not always eager to share a rest room.  There is also a need for loo map directories and companies maintaining PTs should be well rewarded.  Connecting social service to cost may not always be fascinating, yet rest room provision and the implications can become a matter of personal urgency.  

The PTUTs may be subsidized as communities that have them charge fairly small amounts, usually a dollar or less. PTs are often not built independently but rather as an attachment to other infrastructure.  If they are too isolated, they could be considered unsafe or less appealing. The exceptions tend to be at rest stops on highways. If society can build restaurants or shops and malls using certain spatial analysis or patterns, or at predictable distances, it should be the same for PTs or PTUTs

Alayande, J. F.  (MURP, Pi Sigma Alpha)